Democratic Oversight of the Intelligence Services International Standards and Good Practices
The study demonstrates that international standards require for intelligence services to be subject to democratic oversight. While applicable international standards are more developed and detailed concerning the Parliamentary and independent oversight, they also acknowledge the role of civil society and encourage the cooperation between intelligence services and civil society. Parliamentary and expert oversight bodies are organized differently in each of the examined jurisdictions. However, there is a trend towards establishing specialized expert oversight bodies; and towards improving Parliamentary oversight bodies cooperation with civil society; and towards transparency.